Significado De Free Trade Agreement

Generally speaking, trade diversion means that a free trade agreement would divert trade from more efficient suppliers outside the area to less efficient suppliers within territories. On the other hand, the creation of trade implies that a free trade agreement creates trade that might not otherwise have existed. In any case, the creation of businesses will improve the national well-being of a country. [15] Unlike a customs union, parties to a free trade agreement do not apply common external tariffs, which means that they apply different tariffs and other policies towards non-members. This feature allows non-parties to obtain footsp preferences under a free trade agreement by entering the market with the lowest external tariffs. Such a risk requires the introduction of rules for determining which originating products are eligible for preferences under a free trade agreement, a need that does not arise in the context of the creation of a customs union. [20] In principle, a minimum volume of processing is required, resulting in a „substantial transformation” of the goods in order for them to be considered originating. In defining the products originating in the ATP, the preferential rules of origin distinguish between originating and non-originating products: only the former are entitled to the preferential duties set by the FREE TRADE AGREEMENT, the latter must pay the most-favoured-nation duties. [21] It should be noted that there is a difference in treatment between inputs of origin within and outside a free trade agreement with regard to the authorisation of the origin criteria. Normally, inputs from one part of the FTA are considered to be products originating in the other party when they are included in the manufacturing process of that other party. Sometimes the production costs incurred by one party are also considered to be those of another party. Preferential rules of origin generally provide for such a difference in treatment in the determination of cumulation or accumulation.

Such a clause also explains the above-mentioned effects of a free trade agreement on the creation and reorientation of trade, given that a party to a free trade agreement has an incentive to use inputs originating in another party in order for its products to be eligible for originating status. [22] The Market Access Card was developed by the International Trade Centre (ITC) with the aim of facilitating businesses, governments and market access researchers. . . .