Strategic Partnerships For The Implementation Of The Paris Agreement (Spipa)

Climate change is a global challenge that requires a resolute and confident response from all major economies, which account for about 80% of global emissions. The EU, as the main supporter of international action, supports continued cooperation and partnerships and alliances to achieve internationally agreed climate targets. This project contributes to the EU`s climate diplomacy efforts and cooperation between the EU and non-European economies to promote the implementation of the Paris Agreement. It implements the political commitment to promote bilateral dialogues and cooperation in the fight against climate change in concrete interventions corresponding to the global ambitions set out in the Paris Agreement. The aim of the project (1) is to facilitate the exchange of climate policy options and good practices between the EU and non-European European economies, in order to enable political change; (2) promote bilateral cooperation and investment towards the goals of the Paris Agreement and nationally defined contributions and (3) help raise public awareness, including business, of the challenges and opportunities associated with the implementation of the Paris Agreement. The project focuses on intensifying upstream political cooperation in four thematic areas: policy-control instruments, mid-century strategies/renewal of national contributions to the Paris Agreement, climate transparency and adaptation planning. By fostering exchanges and cooperation between national and sub-national administrations, businesses, academia and european civil society actors and other key economies, the project will encourage major economies and support their best efforts in the area of the Paris Agreement objectives and use international economic and political relations to achieve full implementation more quickly. The project will be implemented in close collaboration with the European Commission and the European External Action Service, through the EU Partnership Instrument and the Federal Ministry of the Environment (BMUB). It will build on existing European climate policy dialogues and cooperation with Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Mexico, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, Russia, South Africa, South Korea, Saudi Arabia and the United States. The adoption of the Paris Agreement in December 2015 marked a new chapter for international climate cooperation. All Member States are bound by the agreement under international law. The agreement includes not only measures to reduce emissions and adapt to the effects of climate change, but also climate finance, technology transfer, capacity building at the individual, organizational and social levels, and transparency mechanisms.

For the first time, all Member States that ratified the agreement, without exception, were required to make a national contribution (NDC) and submit regular reports in accordance with a newly developed transparency mechanism. In 2017, the EU pledged to redouble its efforts for climate diplomacy and political cooperation with major emitters outside Europe to promote the implementation of the Paris Agreement to improve a more turbulent geopolitical landscape. This has led to the establishment of the SPIPA programme to mobilise European know-how for peer learning. The programme builds on and complements climate policy dialogues and cooperation with the EU`s major economies. Germany and China signed the Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation on Climate Change and launched the bilateral dialogue as a „Chinese-German climate partnership.” The project was launched to support cooperation between the Federal Ministry of Environment, Nature Protection and Reactor Safety (BMU) and the Chinese Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE).